Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Versandapotheke net: Internetapotheke und Versandapotheke Online Apotheke Shop Arzneimittel

Vers 23 - Creative Commons Lizenz Namensnennung, keine kommerzielle Nutzung, share alike. Falls Sie die diakritischen Zeichen nicht dargestellt bekommen, installieren Sie Psoriasis durch Pilz verursacht Schrift mit Diakritika wie z. It requires much observation to speak authoritatively on the distinction wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis point of stature between many trees and shrubs.

Shrubs in the low country, small and stunted in growth, become handsome and goodly trees on higher lands, and to an inexperienced eye they appear to be different plants. It is therefore with much diffidence that I für Chinesische Creme Salbe Psoriasis occasionally presumed to insert the height of a tree or shrub.

The same remark may be applied to flowers and the flowering seasons, especially the latter. I have seen the Lagerstroemia Reginae, whose proper time of flowering is March and April, previous to the commencement of the rains, in blossom more or less all the year in gardens in Travancore.

I have endeavoured to give wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis real or natural flowering seasons, in contradistinction to the chance ones, but, I am afraid, with little success; and it should be recollected that to aim at precision in such a part of the description of plants is almost hopeless, without that prolonged study of their local habits for which a lifetime would scarcely suffice. The useful plants weit Bestrahlung und Schuppenflechte Oh India: Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Rangaswamaiah Srikantha Murthy.

Krishnadas Academy, - Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy, Es ist keine medizinische Anleitung. Nur ein erfahrener, gut ausgebildeter ayurvedischer Arzt kann Verschreibungen und Behandlungen machen! A review of the references to the Hortus malabaricus of Henry Van Rheede Van Draakenstein [sic]. Printed at the Cambrian-Office, by Murray and Rees, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Plants of the coast of Coromandel, selected from drawings and descriptions presented to Brahimi Psoriasis Zehennagel melma hon.

Icones plantarum Indiae Orientalis: Pharoah for the author, Illustrations of Indian botany: Indian medical plants with illustrations. Anacardium of the Materia Medica. A tree, bearing male or male-hermaphrodite flowers on one and hermaphrodite on another ; which circumstance might remove it from the fifth, to the twenty-third class of the Linnaean system. It is a native of all the mountainous parts of India; flowering time from May wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis August.

Seed ripe in January and February. The wood of this tree is reckoned of no use, not only on account old its softness, but also on account of its containing much acrid juice, which renders it dangerous to cut down and work wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis it. The fleshy receptacle on which the seed rests are roasted in the ashes, and eaten by the natives ; the taste is exceedingly like that of roasted apples. Before roasted they are astringent, and acrid ; leaving a painful sensation on the tongue for some time.

The kernels are rarely eaten. The green nuts well pounded into a pulp make good lime. The pure black, acrid juice of the cells is employed by the natives externally to remove rheumatic pains, aches, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis sprains. A little is well rubbed over the part affected. But in tender constitutions it often produces inflammation and swelling, doing much more harm than good ; wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis I think where it has not this disagreeable effect, which is generally the case, it is an efficacious remedy.

It is universally employed to mark, all sorts of cotton cloth. The colour is improved, prevented from running, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis fixed by a mixture of quick lime and water. The juice or resinous balsam, is not soluble in water, and is only diffusible in spirits of wine, for it soon falls to the bottom, unless the menstruum be previously alkalized ; the solution is then pretty wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and baneotsin und deep black colour.

It sinks in but soon unites perfectly with expressed oils. Alkaline livixia act upon it with no better success than plain water. It is employed by the Telinga Physicians for the cure of almost every sort of venereal complaint, and is commonly prepared as follows: Take of this black balsam, and expressed juice of garlic, each one ounce. Expressed juice of fresh Tamarind-tree leaves read article cocoanut oil and sugar, of each wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis ounces ; mix and boil them for a few minutes.

A table-spoonful is given to the patient twice a day. I know nothing of the efficacy of this composition. The bark is mildly astringent, gives out in decoction a deep colour, which dies brown of various shades. From wounds made in the bark, a dirty looking, brownish soft gum is procured, which dissolves slowly in the mouth without much taste.

The latter contains the black, corrosive, resinous juice so well known. This juice is employed by the natives to remove rheumatic pains, aches, and sprains; in tender constitutions it often produces inflammation and swelling. It is employed by wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Telinga wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis in the cure of almost every kind of venereal complaint It is also given in small doses in leprous and scrofulous affections.

An oil is also prepared from the kernels, used externally in rheumatism and sprains; undiluted it acts as a blister. The juice of the nut should always be cautiously handled. Bhilawa is the nut of a large forest-tree, which is common throughout Ifadia. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis acrid viscid oil which the nut contains is used as an escharotic and counter-irritant. It leaves a mark for life. It creates great pain, and often very intractable sores; but ignorant natives, unacquainted with the blisters of Europe, have a greater dread of them than of the Bhilawa.

It is given medicinally in small doses, and is considered a please click for source and narcotic, and is much http://festival-celle.de/psoriasis-arthritis-behandlung.php in the Masalehs of elephants.

Given in large doses, it renders these animals furious. The farina of the anthers of the flowers is very narcotic and irritating; people of a peculiar habit accidentally sleeping under the tree when in blossom, or even going near the flowers, are stupefied, and have their faces and limbs swollen.

The use of the Bhilawa as a counter-irritant frequently causes the whole body and face to swell with erythematous inflammation and much constitutional disturbance.

The mature corolla and receptacle are fleshy and of a sweetish-sour taste, and are eaten roasted. The green fruit, well pounded into a pulp, makes good bird-lime. The juice is in general use for marking cotton cloths; the colour is improved and prevented from running by the mixture of a little quicklime and water.

The juice is not soluble in water, and only diffusible in spirits of wine. It sinks in expressed oils, but unites wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis with them. It is prepared for internal use by being boiled with cowdung and afterwards washed with cold water. The nut is also used to produce the appearance of a bruise in support of criminal charges preferred through enmity Its application in a diluted form produces great oedematous swelling and redness of the skinand the juice is sometimes applied to the body out of revenge, the victim having first been made insensible by the administration of narcotics.

In Sanskrit medicinal works a section is often devoted to the treatment of ulcerations thus produced. When given internally the juice of the pericarp is always mixed with oil or melted butter.

It is the Anacardia of Serapion. The Arabic name for the nut is Baladar, or Hab-el-talb, in allusion to its heart-shaped form. Baladar in the Indian language is Ancardia in Greek, which means " heart-shaped.

Externally they apply it to cold swellings, such as piles; the Tuhfat notices the use of the vapour of the burning pericarp for this purpose, a practice known in Bombay; it causes sloughing of the tumours. When too large a quantity has been taken, oily and mucilaginous remedies should be prescribed.

Two dirhems is considered a poisonous dose. Some persons are much more readily affected by the drug than others. Ainslie gives the following account of its use in Southern India: The Telingoos have the following prescription: Mixed with a little quicklime and water the juice is used all over India for marking linen, and the stain is far more durable than that of the marking inks of Europe.

In the Concan a single fruit is heated in the flame of a lamp and the oil allowed to drop into a quarter ser of milk; this draught is given daily in cough caused by relaxation of the uvula and palate. As an application to scrofulous wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of the neck equal parts of the juice of the marking nut, Plumbago zeylanica, Baliospermum montanum, Euphorbia neriifolia, Asclepias gigantea, sulphate of iron, and molasses are used.

The juice of the root-bark is also used medicinally on account of its acrid properties. Warden and David Hooper []. Link populneoidesR[oxb]. This species is much like the former [Hibiscus populneus], I have found it wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis a few of the gardens of the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis near Samulcota ; it flowers during the wet and cold seasons.

This species is visit web page to be distinguished from populneus by the glands in the axills of the nerves of the leaves, their waved border and long- points, and learn more here the double integument of the capsule; the innermost of which requires force and a sharp knife to open it ; whereas in populneus it is single, and can be easily broken by the pressure of the thumb and finger.

When wounded there discharges the some yellow juice as in populneus. As both these trees want the most essential character, the double calyx wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Hibiscus, I should imagine they would, with more propriety, form a new genus. The bark boiled in water is used as a wash for the same purposes with the best effect The bark in decoction is given as an alterative internally.

The Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis dye yellow with the capsules. It is also an excellent wood for gun-stocks. The tree is remarkable for its easy and rapid growth from cuttings. It is frequently used on this account as a tree for roadside avenues. Its wood makes pretty Tanning CBT Lese 7,5, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis is much used for the ribs of the roofs of the cabin-boats at Cochin.

It is the Hibiscus populneus of Rumphius III. The fruit abounds in a viscid yellow juice of the colour of gamboge, which the natives use as an external application in psoriasis. The leaves are applied to inflamed and swollen joints. The tree is called in Sanskrit Parisa and Gardhabhanda; it is noticed by Ainslie, who says that a decoction of the bark is given internally as an alterative to the extent of Psoriasis-Behandlung Tannenzapfen ounces twice daily.

The author of the Bengal Dispensatory also notices it, but expresses no opinion as to its properties. Several trials with this remedy were made by the Editor of the Pharmacopoeia of India in scabies and other cutaneous diseases; in some cases it exercised a favourable influence, but in the majority it was productive of little or no benefit.

According to Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Animal and Veget. Being descriptions with original figures of the principal plants employed in medicine and an account of the characters, properties, and uses of their parts and products of medicinal value. Plates by David Blair. Tintri, or Tintiree, are also Sanscrit names. This most magnificent tree is so common and so generally known, as to require bei Lymphknoten vergrößerte Psoriasis or no description.

It possesses the natural classic character of the former in an eminent degree, and scarcely any part of the latter ; should the single circumstance of the filaments being united in one body towards the bottom, constitute the essential murk, it would undoubtedly be a monadephous plant, but we know that almost one wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of the genera of this, the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Class have the stamens connected into one body towards their base; yet I do not know of any one who has attempted to remove such, or even to consider them as monadelphous.

Flowering time the hottest part of the year, which is generally in Stern Psoriasis mit. Fruit ripens during the cold season, or from December till February. The tree is one of the largest in India, with a most extensive, large, shady head, or coma, the bark dark-coloured, and scabrous, the wood hard, very durable, and most beautifully veined.

Extract of a letter from Captain now Colonel Pringle at Lucknow. The leaves are eaten in the curries of the natives, the pulp of the fruit is universally known. The seeds ground into a flour, are boiled into thick conjee, and used as an article of diet by the poor in times of scarcity or famine ; of the same flour a tenacious paste is made, which serves for various economical uses.

The kernels of the Mango are large, and seem to contain much nourishment ; however they are made no use of, except like those of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Tamarind, in times of scarcity and famine ; they then are boiled in steam, and used as an article of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. Tamarind or Indian Date. It has a pleasant juice, which contains a larger proportion of acid with the saccharine matter than is usually found in acid fruit.

Tamarinds are preserved in two ways: By this means they preserve wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis colour, and taste better. They contain sugar, mucilage, citric acid, tartaric and malic acids. In medicine, the Ekzem, Psoriasis Ernährung taken in quantity of half an ounce or more proves gently laxative and stomachic, and at the same time quenches the thirst.

It increases the action of the sweet purgatives cassia and manna, and weakens that of resinous cathartics. The seed is sometimes given by the Yytians in cases of dysentery, and also as a tonic, und Juckreiz Psychotherapie in the form of an electuary. In times of scarcity the poor eat the tamarind-stones. After being roasted wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis soaked for a few hours in water, the dark outer skin comes off, and they are thon boiled or fried.

In Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, a confection prepared with the flowers is supposed to have virtues in obstructions of the liver and spleen. A decoction of the acid leaves of the tree is employed externally in cases requiring repellent fomentation. They are also used for preparing collyria, and taken internally are supposed a remedy in jaundice. The natives have a prejudice against sleeping under the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and the acid damp does certainly affect the cloth of tents if they are pitched under them for any length of time.

Many plants do not grow under its shade, but it is a mistake to suppose that click applies to all herbs and shrubs. In sore-throat the pulp has been found beneficial as a powerful cleanser. The gum reduced to fine powder is applied to ulcers; the leaves in infusion to country sore eyes and foul ulcers.

The stones, pulverised and made into thick paste with water, have the property when applied to the skin of promoting suppuration in indolent boils. An infusion of the leaves is used in Bengal in preparing a fine fixed yellow dye, to give those silks a green colour which have been previously dyed with indigo. Used also simply as a red wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis for woolen stuffs.

India a strong infusion of the fruit mixed with sea-salt is used by silversmiths in preparing a mixture for cleaning and brightening silver. The pulverised seeds boiled into a paste with thin glue form one of the strongest wood-cements.

The tree is one of those preferred for making charcoal for gunpowder— Lindley. The tree is of slow growth, but is longer-lived than most trees. The timber is used for mills and the teeth of wheels, and whenever very hard timber is requisite. It is much prized as fuel for bricks. Its seeds should be sown where it is to remain, and it may be planted in avenues alternately with short-lived trees of see more growth.

From the liability of this tree to become hollow in the centre, it is extremely difficult to get a tamarind-plank of any width. There is a considerable export trade of tamarinds from Bombay and Madras. In were exported from the latter Presidency 10, cwt. The ashes of the burnt suber are used as an alkaline medicine in acidity of the urine and gonorrhoea, the pulp and also the leaves puliyam-gali, Tam.

The Sanskrit names of the Tamarind are Tintidi and Amlika. The author of the Makhzan-el-Adwiya describes two kinds, viz. The first is by far the best. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis physicians consider the pulp to be cardiacal, astringent and aperient, useful for checking bilious vomiting, and for purging the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of bile and adust humours; when used as an aperient it should be given with a very small wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of fluid.

A gargle of Tamarind water is recommended in sore throat. The seeds are said to be a good astringent, boiled they are used as a poultice to boils, pounded with water they are applied to the crown of the head in cough and relaxation of the uvula. The leaves crushed with water and expressed yield an acid fluid, which is said to be useful in bilious fever, and scalding of the urine; made into a poultice they are applied to reduce inflammatory swellings and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis relieve pain.

A poultice of the flowers is used in inflammatory affections of the conjunctiva; their juice is given internally for bleeding piles. The bark is considered to have astringent and tonic properties. The natives consider the acid exhalations of the Tamarind tree to be injurious to health, and it is stated that the cloth of tents allowed to remain long under the trees becomes rotten. Plants also are said not to grow under them, but this is not universally the case, as we have often seen wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis crops of Andrographis paniculata and other shade loving plants growing under Tamarind trees.

Prebble has brought to our notice a peculiar exudation from an old tamarind tree. It consists almost entirely of oxalate of calcium, and flows from the tree in a liquid or syrupy state, but afterwards dries into white crystalline masses. Sein Holtz ist harte und wie geflammet. Ein jedes Blatt bestehet aus 9. Auf der einen Seite sind zwey oder drey gar tieffe Einschnitte, und auf jeder Seite findet sich als wie eine gar merckliche Ribbe, die laufft von einem Ende bis zum andern, oben auf ist dieselbe etwas flammig, und die Spitze ist ein wenig rund, auch mehrentheils formiret wie ein Schnabel.

Die Frucht bestehet aus zwey Schalen, deren eine in der andern stecket. Die innere ist wie ein zartes Pergament. Sie reinigen, laxieren gantz gelinde und halten alsdann an. Sie werden bey anhaltenden Fiebern gebrauchet, auch zum Durchfall, und darzu abgesotten wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis in forma boli gebrauchet. Vor diesem habe ich auch rothe Tamarinden bey den Materialisten gesehen, sie wurden aber nicht so viel geachtet wie die schwartzen, dieweil ihr Schmack nicht also angenehm und sauer war: Die durch solche Orte reisen, wo dieser Baum zu wachsen pfleget, die nehmen das Laub, kauen es und stillen damit den Durst.

Johann Friedrich Braun, Terminalia alata tomentosaR[oxb]. This see more, which grows to be a very large tree, seems not to have been taken notice of by any writer that I have met with. It is a native of the Circar mountains. Flowering time, the beginning of the rains, and the seed ripens about the close of the year.

From wounds in the bark, there issues a red juice, which hardens in the open air into a dark red, very brittle, gummy resin, on being powdered it changes to a light brown, not unlike powdered peruvian bark. Link the flame of a candle it burns with difficulty, and without cracking, swelling, noise, or any peculiar smell, into fine white ashes.

In the mouth it melts away like the simple gums. Its taste is strongly, but simply astringent; as much so, I think, as that of the gum of the Butea, which it resembles much. It tinges the spittle but little ; heat does not soften it. It is readily, and almost totally soluble in either water or spirit; the solutions are a pretty deep, but dull red, the spirituous one was rather more transparent, yet with a martial solution it shows considerably less wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis than the watery solution, here it differs from Butea gum ; for the spirituous solution of that, although seemingly less perfect than this, shows rather more astringency with wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis chalybeate proof than the watery solution.

The solutions bear beings mixed without decomposition. Vinegar added to them makes no immediate chance: In short, this substance is so exceedingly like the Riechen Calciumgluconat in psoriasis fly of the Buteas, that one analysis may serve for both. The solutions after being kept ten days showed no signs of change, and the same experiments were then repeated, with the same success.

It is highly necessary to observe that the above analysis was made with the gum resin fresh from the tree, how long it had adhered thereto I cannot say ; because I find, that when the gum of Butea frondosa is kept one year or two, it is less soluble in water than in spirit, and the watery solution grows sooner turbid ; but at the same time this turbid solution continues as when recent, to show with a martial solution, more astringency than the spirituous.

The specimen of the Gum-Kino tree in the Banksian herharium, is perfectly like this. It is probable these are the same, or very nearly allied. It becomes very brittle on hardening, and is very astringent. It is exported in considerable quantities from Malabar.

Its properties are similar to those of catechu, but being milder in its operation, is better adapted for children and delicate females. Kino was long unknown; the history of the discovery will be found in an interesting paper by Dr Royle.

The timber is dark-coloured. Mr Rohde asserts it is the best timber for exposed Venetian-blinds and weather-boards. It click to see more now comparatively rare wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the first of these districts. Some years ago two officers of the forest department made various attempts to raise the Red Sanders in the Cuddapah district, but there was no result; the curious flat-winged seed appears to have been planted too deep.

The seeds are washed down in the north-east monsoon, and are partially covered with sand in the rocky nullahs. The stem is valued for house-posts beyond any other, being impervious to white ants. The leaves are the favourite food of cattle and goats, and are much in demand.

The wood is extremely hard, finely grained, and of a garnet-red colour, which deepens on exposure. It is employed to dye a permanent reddish-brown colour.

It communicates a deep red to alcohol and ether, but gives no tinge to water. In the cold season, large heaps of short billets 2 feet to 3 feet or gnarled roots may be seen on the Madras beach, where it is sold by weight, and being heavy is used as dunnage. The North-West line Sitzung Hauterkrankung starke Juckreiz cortexin the native habitat, and the supply has been diminishing.

The seigniorage in Cuddapah was raised from 1 rupee stems ein günstiges Klima für Psoriasis ist 6 rupees per cartload, to prevent its extermination. A very large tree, affording excellent shade and timber. The latter is of a dark-brown, and dyes yellow. It grows luxuriantly on the Eastern Ghauts, on the hills between Vellore and Salem, and on the Malabar and Canara Ghauts, where large quantities of the Kino it yields are collected and sent to England.

The tree is very plentiful in the forests of Cuddapah and North Arcot. It is indispensable for cart - building, and eagerly sought after for that purpose. It is considered unlucky to use it for house-building. The estimated number in the Cuddapah forests is about 50, trees. Ainslie notices the use of the gum by the natives on the Coromandel Coast as a remedy for toothache, but does not call it kino, and it would appear not to have been an article of export to Europe in his time.

From the Pharmacographia we learn that kino originally came from the river Gambia in West Africa under the name of Gummi rubrum astringens Gambiense, and that it was produced by a tree called in the Mandingo language Kuno, and which was afterwards identified with the Pterocarpus erinaceus of Poiret.

In the Edinburgh Dispensatory ofkino is described as coming from Africa and Jamaica, but in the edition, Duncan says that the African drug is no longer to be met with, its place being supplied by kinos from Jamaica, the East Indies, and New South Wales. After this date the East Indian drug appears to have been principallv used, and when Wight and Royle proved its botanical origin it became recognised as the legitimate kino of the principal Pharmacopoeias of Europe.

A description of its collection on the Malabar Coast will be found in the Pharmacographia. In the Canara Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of the Bombay Presidency it is collected in little cups made with leaves, and consequently assumes the form of concavo-convex cakes, 3 to 4 inches in diameter; these are always broken up and garbled by the wholesale dealers. The bark of the tree is used in Goa as an astringent, but the gum is wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis collected.

Kino is more lenitive than other astringents, in wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, probably, of the phlobophene it contains; it is chiefly used in the treatment of diarrhoea and pyrosis. Found in various parts of India, grows to be a large timber tree of much utility. Flowering time April and May, the seed ripens in the cool season. The dose of the decoction two ounces of the bruised bark to a pint of water is two ounces thrice daily. The bark is astringent and used for dyeing black.

The bark, in addition to yielding a black dye, is so charged with calcareous matter, that its ashes, when burnt, afford a substitute for the lime which the natives in Ceylon chew with their betel.

It yields a gum used read article an incense and cosmetic.

It costs 27 to 30 rupees the maund. The trees are plentiful in the Kurnool forests. Powdered and mixed with oil it is used for aphthae.

The ash of the bark contains much potash and is eaten by the natives, and the leaves are used for manuring rice fields. We find that the bark of the variety glabra contains moisture 9.

The alcoholic extract contained The tannin gave a blue-black precipitate with ferric salts. A wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis timber tree wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Polyandria monogyna but not yet named by botanists. Sala, Uswukurnika, the Sanscrit names. An immense timber tree, a native of Morung. Flowers during the hot season. Seed ripens in June. In Aprila young tree flowered in the Botanic garden at Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and is the first that has blossomed, though there wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis young trees in the garden of erwarten, likopid Psoriasis Bedienungsanleitung neues twelve to thirteen years growth.

The original description of this tree is very correct. It is devoid of taste or smell, sparingly soluble in alcohol, entirely so in ether, and perfectly in turpentine and the fixed oils. It unites with the fixed oils and forms plasters. The superior kinds are efficient substitutes for the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of the European pharmacopoeias.

The resin is applied medicinally to ulcers and chilblains, acting as a stimulant Sulphuric acid dissolves and gives it a red colour. Two parts of colourless dammer and two and a half parts of oil of turpentine make the best varnish for lithographic drawings.

It is close-grained and heavy, but does not appear to be very durable, and on that account inferior to teak; but in strength it surpasses the latter, and deserves to be considered the second-best timber-tree in India. It yields a large quantity of resin- dammer known as the Bal or Dhooma, which is extensively used as a substitute for pitch in the marine yard. It is also burnt for incense in Hindoo temples. Boyle observed these trees forming extensive forests of themselves, frequently unmixed with any other tree.

All attempts to grow it from seed have failed. The timber is used in Madras in the gun-carriage manufactory, also for house-building and ships, but it warps in planks.

It lasts a long time under water, and is unequalled for sleepers, and is proof against white ants. The Sal tree of Hindustan extends in a nearly unbroken belt of forest along the Terai, from the Ganges at Hurdwar to the Brahmaputra.

The seed has the utmost susceptibility of germination, with a vitality so limited in duration, that it will not survive many days unplanted. The Sal seed ripens at the commencement of the rains, and after the first shower falls actually sprouting from the tree.

In consequence, young plants come up in the utmost profusion, often so thick as to choke each wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. They form patches of forest, literally impenetrable. The most important and accessible of Sal forests are in the district of Goomsur and in the zemindary of Bodogoda, both of which are traversed by rivers which admit of rafting timber to the coast during the freshes. Captain Wood has considered the question of the growth of Sal wood in the Oude forests, and has arrived at the conclusion that at sixty-five years of age a tree reaches the second-class dimensions, and that it requires thirty-three years more of growth to reach the first-class size.

Dr Brandis had before assumed fifty wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis eighty years as the ages of second and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis class trees respectively.

The Sal is very abundant about Russelcondah. Many tracts of forest are here composed almost entirely of Sal, it growing thick and to the exclusion of Psoriasis sexuellen other tree. There is no timber equal to it for engineering purposes.

It is durable under water, and quite proof against white ants. The seeds of the Saul tree are eaten in times of scarcity with Mahwa flowers by the wild tribes of India.

Mahometan writers give a similar account of its properties and uses. Ainslie mentions three kinds of resin or dammar as common in the bazaars of Southern India, but is in doubt as to the sources from whence the different kinds are obatained. He observes that a great portion of the dammar used in India is imported from Java, Bornea, Joanna, and several of the Soloo Islands.

Sakharam Arjun states Bomb. Drugs that he has seen Shorea resin mixed with sugar, given with good effect in dysentery.

The oil of the seeds is extracted in Malabar. In the Wynaad Shorea Talara, Roxb. Terminalia wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis glabraR[oxb. A stout quick growing timber tree, a native of various parts of India. It flowers in April and May, and the seed check this out about the close of the year. The margins of the leaves are often slightly crenulate, and the two glands underneath the base are only conspicuous on the under side, whereas in P.

It is sold by most druggists in the bazaars. It is useful wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis bilious affections, and as an antidote to poisons. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis fruit is tonic and deobstruent. The unter Psoriasis of the leaves is given in ear-ache. This tree is the Arjuna and Kukubha of Chakradatta, who describes it as tonic, astringent, and cooling, and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis it in heart disease and for those purposes for which astringent are generally applied.

He recommends it wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis be given in milk, treacle or water when used internally, or as a ghrita medicinal butter made with the decoction and powder of the bark. Hindu physicians think that the bark has some special virtue in promoting the union of fractures, and the dispersion of ecchymosis when given internally.

It is considered to be Asmari-hara, or lithontripic, and a reference to the chemical composition will show that the ash of the bark contains an extraordinarily large proportion of calcium carbonate. Externally it is used in the form of an astringent wash to ulcers. Milchige, Manilkara hexandra Roxb. Dubard - Breiapfelbaum: Perhaps a species of Mimusops. This tree is a native click the following article the mountainous parts of the Circars ; it is never cultivated, nor have I seen it near cultivated places.

It flowers during the hot, and beginning of the wet season. It is also much used by washermen to beetle their cloths on, being remarkably heavy and tough.

The fruit is eatable. The dried fruit is known as Kakadia in Guzerat, and the fresh visit web page is sold in the streets in Bombay under the name of Ahmaddbadi-mewa.

It is a handsome tree, with rigid branches and broad wedge-shaped leaves, and is often found planted in groves near Mahometan towns and buildings. The ripe fruit is eaten both fresh and here, and the bark which much resembles that of M.

Elengi is used medicinally on account of its astringent properties. In the Concan the white milky juice, which exudes when the tree is wounded, is made into a paste with the der Forum Salzbad für Psoriasis Bewertungen Sie of Cassia Fistula and seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum, and applied as a maturant to boils. The seeds yield an oil which, according to Dr. Mootooswamy, is used as a demulcent, emollient, tonic and alterative in South India.

It flowers during the hot season ; the fruit is edible, and large. The leaves ground and mixed with the root of Curcuma and ginger are used as cataplasm for tumours. The wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis is extensively cultivated in China and Malabar on account of its acid and esculent fruit, which is said to increase the appetite. The leaves boiled in gingely oil and added to the pulverised barks are reckoned a good remedy in Beriberi— Rheede. The seeds wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis an oil which is applied to the eyes in ophthalmia, and also internally as an anthelmintic.

Delile - Zachunbaum - Desert Date Balanitaceae Bis 10 m hoher, dorniger Baum. Delile - Zachunbaum - Desert Date 1: Delile - Zachunbaum - Desert Date. Delile - Zachunbaum - Desert Date [Wight Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis I, Tab. In Egypt it was also a symbol of farewell and hope given wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis dying people. The seeds are found along with other fruit seeds in the Egyptian tombs. Latin writers also notice the tree being sacred to Isis, and Pliny 15, bei Psoriasis Haut Risse, says that Alexander gave orders that the victors should be crowned with it in the games which he instituted in honour of Perseus at Memphis.

The fruit appears to have been occasionally confounded by the ancients with the Persica or peach, as it is sometimes described as edible. Baillon says that in Egypt the ripe fruit is called "desert date" and the unripe "Egyptian myrobalan.

In Senegambia the leaves are used as a vermifuge, and the roots and fruit as a purgative. Another name for the fruit is Gauri-tvac, which seems to connect it with the worship of Gauri or Isani, the Indian goddess of abundance, the earth, the sakti or power of Isvara or Mahadeva, in whose honour bombs made with the shell are exploded. In all parts of India a boat is used as described by Herodotus in the Isis worship at Busiris, and by Tacitus in the Ertha worship among the Suevi in Germany.

At the Ganpati festival in India, Gauri is worshipped in the form of a click here bouquet of leaves and flowers, and a similar emblem appertained wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the Demeter or Ceres of the Greeks. Gauri also holds in her hand a Lotus flower as emblematic of reproduction.

The leaves of Balanites are the Hingupatri of modern Sanskrit writers, but the true Hingu-patri was doubtless the Asafoetida leaf. In the Concan and in other parts of India where this tree is unknown, the oil for the Guru-upasana ceremony is obtained from Terminalia Catappa, a tree which is not a native of any part of India except perhaps the eastern borders of Bengal.

The bark, unripe fruit, and leaves are given to cattle as wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis anthelmintic. The physiological action of the bark and fruit is similar to that of the genus Polygala, and a few drops of a tincture of the fruit is as efficient an emulsifier as Tincture of Senega.

The kernel yields a bland fatty yellow tasteless oil, which is applied to burns and sores. On the Coromandel coast it is in flower and fruit almost the whole year. The kernels are fully as palatable as the best filberts, or even almonds, and I have every reason to think they are equally wholesome, and nutritive. The tree is highly ornamental, few surpassing it in elegance and beauty.

The wood is also useful. The kernels, known as country almonds, might probably be used as a substitute for the officinal almond. They yield upwards of fifty per cent of pure bland oiL After being kept for some time, this oil deposits a large proportion of stearine.

The oil which is expressed from the seeds is edible and pleasant- tasted. To extract it, the fruit is see more and allowed to dry in the sun for a few days, when the kernels are cleaned, and bruised in a mill. Six seers of almonds will produce 3 pucka seers of oil. The colour is a deep straw. It is very like Europe almond-oil both in taste and smell, but becomes turbid by keeping.

It only requires care and attention in its preparation to render it of greater commercial value and importance. The timber is light but lasting, and is useful for many purposes. The bark and leaves wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis a Hack pigment, with which the natives dye their teeth and make Indian ink. The levers of Pakottahs are usually made of the timber of this tree.

Tussah-silk worms feed on the leaves. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis says the continue reading bears fruit three times a year on the Malabar coast. It is a native of the Moluccas. The fruit is an oval, compressed, smooth drupe, with two elevated grooved margins; it is about 2 inches long and of a dull purple colour when ripe, the pulp being bright purple.

The nut is rough, hard and the kernel which is about half the size of an almond and nearly cylindrical, is in common use in Bengal, amongst Europeans under the name of "leaf nut. It is of a pale more info colour and entirely inodorous. The bark is astringent, and has been recommended for internal administration in the form of decoction as a remedy for gonorrhoea and leucorrhcea.

The tree yields a gum of the Bassora type. Birke, Betula utilis D. The bark is used. This bark is well-known as the material upon which the ancient Sanskrit manuscripts of Northern India are written. The lines run always parallel to the narrow side of the leaf, and the MSS. The Himalayas seem to contain an inexhaustible supply of birch-bark, which in Cashmere and other hill countries is used both instead of paper by the shop-keepers in the bazaars, and for lining the roofs of houses in order to make them water-tight.

To wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis an idea of the quantities which are brought into Psoriasis PUVA, I may mention that on one single day I counted fourteen large barges with birch-bark on the river, and that I have never moved about without seeing some boats laden with it.

Akbar introduced the manufacture of paper, and thus created an industry for which Cashmere is now famous in India. From that time the use of birch-bark for the purpose of writing was discontinued, and the method of preparing it has been lost. Salmuli, the Sanscrit name; see Asiat.

This is one of the largest of our Indian trees and is found almost every where; over the northern Circars, near the mountains, they grow to a greater wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis than I have seen them any where else, often about one hundred feet high, the trunk thick and ramous in proportion. Flowering time, the end of winter, when the tree is totally destitute of leaves. The great numbers of very large, bright red flowers with which it is then covered, makes it remarkably conspicuous at a very great distance.

This and the former pentandrum, are the only species of this genus I have hitherto met with in India, except B. If this be not what Linnaeus calls B. He quotes Moul elavou of the Hortus Malabaricus for it; and at the same time points it out to be an American tree. The wood is white, light and spongy, fit for very few purposes. In India the wool is used to stuff beds and pillows, and to put between the folds of quilted cloth.

At the end of the cold season this tree is a very remarkable object, being entirely destitute of leaves, and loaded with large, red, cup-shaped flowers, which are followed by egg-shaped, green capsules, containing numerous brown seeds having an average weight of th of a grain, and a quantity of fine silky cotton.

In some parts of India the root of the white silk-cotton tree Eriodendron anfractuosum is preferred for this purpose. This tree is the Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis arbor of Clusius, the pods of which were first brought to Holland about the end of the 16th century; its cotton is the Capock fibre of the Dutch, and the tree, like the Bombax, yields a dark-coloured opaque gum, insoluble in water, which is used möglich eine Psoriasis zu es ist, für Pediküre tun ob an astringent in bowel complaints.

The natives regard E. In Madras the young fruits are dried and used wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis a demulcent and astringent.

The gum of the Bombax is very astringent, and is used by both Hindus and Mahometans in diarrhoea, dysentery, and menorrhagia in doses of from grains for an adult. This elegant, straight, sub-verticelled tree, seems to differ from the West India species, probably specifically; it is found in every part of India.

On the Coromandel coast, the Tamuls plant them about their temples. In Bengal, where the winters are colder, the leaves drop off during wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis cold season. In February, when destitute of foliage, the blossoms appear, and soon afterwards the leaves ; and the seed ripens in May. Galedupa arborea or Robinia wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis [L.

Panigrahi - Pongamia [Bildquelle: Leaves deciduous at the end of the cold season, and in about a month are succeeded by the new foliage. Flowers during the hot season; and the seed ripens toward the dose of the year. The wood of this tree is light, white, and firm; it serves for a variety of economical wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. Branches stuck in the ground to fence round some Cinnamon trees, grew readily ; grass and almost every thing else grows well under its shade The seeds yield an useful oil ; and cattle are fond of the leaves.

It holds a high place as an application in scabies, herpes, and other cutaneous diseases. Dr Gibson asserts that he knows no article of the vegetable kingdom possessed of more marked properties in such cases than the above.

The oil is much used as an embrocation in rheumatism. The oil is used in lampsamong the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis classes. The leaves are eaten by cattle, and are valuable as a strong manure, especially for the sugar-cane. The seeds, leaves, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis oil are used in Hindu medicine as a remedy for skin diseases and rheumatism and to destroy worms in sores. Chakradatta mentions a paste made of the seeds along with those of Cassia Tora and the root of Saussurea Lappa as a useful application to skin diseases.

Rheede notices the use of a bath prepared with the leaves, to remove rheumatic pains; and they appear to be in general use for this purpose. Ainslie says that the juice of the root is used for cleansing foul ulcers, and closing fistulous soles. He also notices the oil and its use in itch and rheumatism. Gibson speaks very highly of visit web page oil as a remedy in scabies, herpes, and other cutaneous diseases of a similar nature; it should be mixed with an equal quantity of lemon juice and be well shaken, when it forms a rich yellow liniment which we have used wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis in porrigo capitis, pityriasis and psoriasis.

In leprosy the natives prescribe the leaves with those of Plumbago, along with some pepper and salt, to be powdered and given in curds. Karanja is also an ingredient in several complicated prescriptions for epilepsy and abdominal enlargements. Mootooswamy mentions the use of the juice of the root with cocoanut Hautpflege Kopfhautpsoriasis and lime water as a remedy for gonorrhoea in Tanjore, and of the leaves Ponga-illai, Tamil in flatulency, dyspepsia, and diarrhoea.

He has noticed the use of the flowers as a remedy for diabetes, and of the pods worn round the neck as a protective against whooping cough. Evers has seen the seeds administered internally for the last named affection. The oil is in general use amongst the agricultural classes as a lamp oil. The plants reared from seed from the West Indies, proved to be exactly the same.

The seed is a powerful tonic. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis are given in cases of intermittent fevers mixed with spices in the form of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. Pounded and mixed with castor-oil, they are applied externally in hydrocele.

At Amboyna the seeds are considered as anthelmintic, and the root tonic in dyspepsia. In Cochin China the leaves are reckoned as deobstruent and emmenagogue, and the root astringent.

In Scotland, where they are frequently thrown Krankheit, eine Psoriasis ist the sea-shore, they are known as Molucca beans. Piddington has learn more here in the nuts, oil, starch, sugar, die Psoriasis behandelt werden resin.

Ibn Sina says that its medicinal properties resemble those of the Peony. Rumphius, who calls it Frutex globulorum, says that the seeds are vermifuge, and the leaves, roots Psoriasis bei Männern nur seeds emmenagogue, deobstruent and febrifuge. In Persia and India the seeds are considered to be hot and dry, useful for dispersing swellings, restraining hemorrhage, and keeping off infectious diseases.

Half a seed rubbed up with several cloves is said to relieve the pain of colic, and with long pepper to be a valuable remedy for malarious fevers. The seeds roasted and powdered are administered for hydrocele internally, and at the same time applied externally, spread upon castor-oil leaves.

They are also given internally in leprosy, and are thought to be anthelmintic. The oil in which they have been boiled for a long time is applied to wounds to promote cicatrization. Necklaces of the seeds strung upon red silk are worn by pregnant wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis as a charm wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis prevent abortion, and are hung upon trees to prevent their fruit falling off.

Ainslie notices the use of the seeds in conjunction with spice as a tonic by native practitioners, also their use as Resorts für von beste Psoriasis Behandlung die external application wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis hydrocele.

He besides draws attention to the root and leaves as having similar properties. In the Concan the juice of the leaves with yellow zedoary and Butea frondosa seeds is given to children for intestinal worms.

Four tolas of the juice is given as an antiperiodic in fever, and the seeds with gur molasses in hysteria. In the seeds were made official in the Pharmacopoeia of India as a tonic and antiperiodic, and in the compound powder also official the native form of administration with black pepper has been adopted.

From the notes at the end of the Parmacopoeia it will be Psoriasis es geht that the general tenor of the reports from medical officers in India is in favour of the antiperiodic and tonic effects of the remedy.

In Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, where they are called "Coorie seeds," the expressed oil is used for ear discharges, and a decoction of the roasted seed for consumption or asthma. The specific name of the plant is derived from the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Bunduk, an Arabic form of the Persian Finduk.

The Arabs also call the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Hajar-el-ukab, or "eagle stones. Seemingly varieties of the Bonduc. A large timber tree, a native of the Circar mountains.

It flowers during the cold season. Leaves deciduous about the close of the wet season ; they come out again in March. The first part of the flowers that appears, is the anthers ; they are then reddish ; next the calyx increases, and becomes visible to the naked eye, but is at all times small, and unless looked for, is seldom observed.

The wood of this tree is reckoned of a good quality wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the natives, and is employed for a variety of uses. The forks of the branches are used by the natives to protect their straw against cattle. A medical plant so called. Tecomella undulata ist ein Strauch oder kleiner Baum, dessen Sprossachse unterschiedlich behaart sein kann. Die Staubbeutel sind unbehaart, ihre Theken stehen auseinander.

Der Fruchtknoten ist langgestreckt-lanzettlich, feinschuppig besetzt und besitzt eine Vielzahl an Samenanlagen. Sie sind leicht vierrippig, besitzen flache Klappen. Die Art kommt von der Arabischen Halbinsel bis ins westliche Indien vor. Klaus Kubitzki, Joachim W. Lamiales except Acanthaceae Including AvicenniaceaeSpringer Verlag, Mimosa catechu Khayar L.

Khadira in Sanscrit and Für Schöll von Psoriasis Salbe the name of the extracts. The last five species are nearly allied to each other, and require no small degree of attention to point out their differences in a short definition.

Probably they are equally fit for yielding the extract now called Catechu. Flowering time the hot and rainy seasons.

The seed ripens after the rains. It is now better understood as one of the kinds of Catechu prepared in India—the word being derived from cate, a tree, and chu, juice. It is extracted from the unripe pods and old high-coloured wood, and the mode of preparation in some of the northern parts of India is minutely described by Dr Royle.

The chips of the inner wood are put into an earthen pot over the fire; they are wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis boiled, and the clean liquor is strained off; when of sufficient consistence it is poured into clay moulds.

This is usually of a Truthahnfisch Psoriasis colour, and in quadrangular pieces. Ross found it very useful in scurvy, both locally applied to the gums, as well as on the constitution. Finely-powdered Catechu has also been successfully used in ointments, mixed with other ingredients, in the treatment of obstinate ulcers and leprous affections.

It is occasionally mixed with plaster to increase its adhesion, and is also, in conjunction with certain oils, applied to beams, to preserve them against the white ants. Catechu contains a greater proportion of tannin than other astringent substances, and it has been found that 1 lb. The manufactured article is brought down in considerable quantities from Berar and Nepaul, and thence to Calcutta, from whence it is exported to Europe.

Other kinds of Catechu are prepared in India, the commonest of which is that from the nut of the Areca palm F. As a timber, the wood of the tree is less hard and durable than that of other species of Acacia. It is of a red colour, heavy, close-grained, and brittle. It polishes well, and resists the attacks of white ants. It is used for agricultural purposes, sugar-mills, and pestles. The dark acacia catechu is in flat cakes of a dark brown colour and shining fracture, or in square cakes known as box catechu.

The light catechu is a porous earthy-looking substance, somewhat lamineted and much more friable than the dark: Dark catechu is made by evaporating a decoction of the wood until it becomes solid; in making the light kind the inspissation is stopped at a certain point, and the catechu is obtained as a Wasserstoffperoxid psoriasis in upon twigs which are placed in the liquid extract.

The Hindus consider catechu to be astringent, cooling, and digestive, useful in relaxed conditions of the throat, mouth and gums, also in cough and diarrhoea. Externally they use it as an astringent and cooling application to ulcers, boils, and eruptions on the skin. Mahometan writers describe dark and light catechu, and their use in medicine for the purposes already mentioned. An account of the introduction of catechu into Europe will be found in the Pharmacographia.

Other kinds of the drug which are imported into India by sea will be found described in the article upon Gambier. The gum of A. In the Concans the juice of the fresh bark is given with Asafoetida in haemoptysis, and the flowering tops with cummin, milk and sugar in gonorrhoea. Khersal, or natural catechu, is obtained from cavities in the wood, and occurs in small irregular fragments like little wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of very pale catechu mixed with chips of reddish wood.

This drug is collected by men who split firewood, and fetches a high price, as it is only occasionally met with; it has a sweetish astringent taste, and under the microscope is seen to be wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of minute needle-shaped crystals. When placed in water the colouring matter of the particles of wood mixed with the drug wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the water red, but the khersal remains undissolved; in boiling water it is completely soluble, but is thrown down in conglomerate masses of small needle-shaped crystals wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the water cooling; it is also soluble in rectified spirit, and is deposited in the durch Psoriasis form on the spirit evaporating.

In native practice this substance is valued as a remedy in relaxed conditions of the throat. A similar substance has been brought to our notice by the Conservator of Forests for Malabar. It is a yellow wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis deposit found in the wood of the Poon spar Callophyllum tomentosum. Wilford, belong to my Adenanihera aculeala. A native of every part of India.

It flowers in the cold season. The wood is very hard and tough, and is much used for ship-knees, tent-pegs, and similar purposes. The flowers distilled yield a delicious perfume. The gum collected in the neighbourhood of Bombay and at Poona in the Deccan is only slightly soluble.

On stirring up with water it partially dissolves, but after remaining a short time undisturbed it gelatinizes. The strained mucilage wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis precipitated or gelatinized by neutral and basic acetate wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis lead, perchloride of iron, and silicate of soda, but not by borax. Under a high power of the microscope, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis gum is seen to be thickly interwoven with the minute hyphse and fructifications of a fungus probably belonging to the Ascomycetes.

The fungus is composed of a brown please click for source confining oil globules, and bearing oval-shaped gonidia divided into two cells by a transverse septum.

The gonidia are supported on hyaline stems sterigmata arising from the hyphae. Debris of cells containing monoclinic crystals and interwoven with fungi click at this page occasionally met with. A very common tree about Calcutta, and over Bengal, and is remarkably conspicuous on account of its white bark. Flowering time the rainy season.

There is a large concave gland above the base of the petiole, and two or three between the last two or three pairs of pinnae. Of this very useful plant, we have several varieties cultivated in India, some of them growing to the size of a pretty large tree, and of many years duration ; I have not seen any variety with smooth Psoriasis Betrieb. On the leaves the domesticated Arrindy silk-worm Phalacena Cynthia, are fed.

See Transactions of the Linnaean Society, vol. The oil of the former differs from the medicinal Castor-oil in having a heavy disagreeable smell, probably owing to the seeds being toasted previous to boiling, for the purpose of extracting the oil.

The colour, too, is darker, and the nature is more gross. The real Castor- oil used in medicine is from the small-seeded variety. The lamp- oil of the former, like the Castor-oil, is of a purgative nature, more info chiefly employed for lamps and in horse-medicine. The mode of preparation is given in the report on the fixed vegetable oils sent to the Madras Exhibition as follows: The roasting process, however, gives it a deeper red colour and an empyreumatic odour.

The price of this oil varies in different parts of the country from Ks. The plant is supposed to be indigenous to Barbary. In hot countries it is a perennial, in cold ones an annual or biennial Psoriasis heilen Wie schnell. The skin of the seeds consists of three coverings, and it was for a long time believed even by Humboldt that the embryo of the seeds was the seat of the purgative principle alone, and that if that part were removed the seeds might safely be eaten.

It has now, however, been proved, that although the active principle may exist in a greater quantity in the embryo, yet that it is found more or less throughout the entire seed. Other seeds, too, are frequently mixed with them. The application of heat was formerly resorted to in the extraction of the oil, and is still occasionally used, though quite unnecessary. The following is the process given by Ainslie for making a fine kind of Castor-oil for domestic purposes: The nuts are then to be dried in the sun for three days, after which to be well bruised in a mortar.

Add to the nuts thus bruised ten measures of water, and put on to boil, stirring it all the time until all the oil appears at the top ; then carefully strained off and being allowed to cool, it will be fit for use. The quantity of nuts mentioned in the above recipe should yield one bottle of oil. If cocoa-nut water be used instead of common water, the oil has a paler and finer colour. Another way of preparing the oil is given in the report of the Juries on the fixed vegetable oils sent to the Madras Exhibition.

They then receive a slight pressure in an oblong mould, which gives a uniform shape and density to the packets of seed. The oil thus procured is received in clean tin pans, and water in the proportion of a pint to a gallon of oil being added, the whole is boiled until the water has evaporated: The oil is then filtered through blanket, flannel, or American drill, and put into cans for exportation. It is usually of a light straw colour, sometimes approaching to a greenish tinge.

The cleaned wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis yield from 47 to 50 per cent of oil, worth in England from 4d. In France the fresh seeds are bruised and then put into a cold press. The produce is equal to one-third of the seeds employed, and the oil possesses all its natural qualities.

The oils made in France and Italy are much weaker than those procured from tropical countries. Another mode of obtaining the oil is to macerate the bruised seeds in cold alcohol, by which 6 oz. Castor-oil is soluble in pure sulphuric ether and alcohol. It also combines easily with alkaline leys, by which is formed a test of its purity. It is one of the best ways of overcoming the repulsive taste by mixing the oil with an alkaline ley, which alters the appearance of the oil, but does not destroy its purgative powers.

Other ways of rendering the oil less unpleasant are by using lime-juice, orange-peel, coffee, gin, or an emulsion wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the yolk of egg. Castor-oil is a mild laxative wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and among the Hindoos is used as a remedy in cutaneous affections externally applied. It is particularly recommended in rheumatism, lumbago, and habitual constipation, piles, and other diseases of the rectum.

Alone or mixed with turpentine it is efficacious in expelling worms. Air should always be excluded to prevent rancidity, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis when rancid it may be purified by calcined magnesia. The bark of the root is a powerful purgative, and when made into a ball about the size of a lime, in conjunction with chillies and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, is an excellent remedy for gripes in horses.

In Jamaica the oil is considered a valuable external remedy in cramps, pains arising from cold. The leaves heated and applied to the breasts, and kept on for 12 or 24 hours, will not fail to bring milk after child-birth. The same applied to the abdomen will promote the menstrual discharge. The seeds are used by the dyers to mix with colours and render them permanent. Both root and oil are described as purgative and useful in costiveness, flatulence, rheumatism, fever and inflammatory affections; on account of its efficacy in rheumatism the plan bears the synonym of Vatari vata-ari.

The seeds freed from the husks and germs, and boiled in milk and water, form a decoction which is given in rheumatism; a decoction of the root with carbonate of potash is also prescribed, and most compound medicines given in rheumatic and neuralgic affections contain the root.

When applied to the abdomen they are popularly thought to promote the menstrual flow; in Govardhanathe halikavadhu, or "peasant woman," is represented as lying in pain upon the leaves of the Eranda. In the proverbial language of the Indians the Castor plant is emblematic of frailty; they say: The Arabs appear to have first become acquainted with the tree in India, as they call the seeds Simsim-el-hindi, "Indian Sesamum," and the plant Khirvaa, a wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis which signifies any weak or frail plant; wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis properties they attribute to it are wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis those mentioned by Sanskrit writers.

Again, in the Saptasataka of Hala, we find the large and swelling breasts of the peasant girl likened to the Eranda leaf, and in Arabic we have the expression. Aitchison notices its cultivation round the borders of fields in the latter province, and in the Harirud District, for the sake of the oil which is used as a lamp oil, and says that the peasantry are unacquainted with its purgative properties.

He also notices Castor oil and its medicinal use. It is the Ricinus or Cicus of Pliny 15, 7"a tree which grows in Egypt in great abundance ; by some it is known as croton, by others as sili, and by others, again, as wild sesamum: Eaten with food the oil is repulsive, but it is very useful for burning in lamps. The Jews and Abyssinian Christians say wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis it was under this tree that Jonah sat, but Psoriasis-Behandlung Volksmittel für Hände the English version the Hebrew word " Kikajon " is translated "gourd.

Mahometan medical writers describe two kinds, red and white: They consider the oil a powerful resolvent and purgative of cold humors, and prescribe it in palsy, asthma, colds, colic, flatulence, rheumatism, dropsy and amenorrhea ; of the seeds, 10 kernels rubbed down with honey are sufficient as a purge. A poultice of the crushed seeds is used to reduce gouty and rheumatic swellings, and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of the breasts of women during lactation.

The leaves have similar properties, but in a less degree. The root-bark is used as a purgative and alterative in chronic enlargements and skin diseases; it is also applied externally. In modern medicine Castor oil is much valued as a non-irritant purgative ; a drop is sometimes dropped into the eye to allay irritation, and, strange to say, the leaves are applied locally in Europe to promote the secretion of milk, whereas in India the native practice of applying them to stop the secretion of milk is recognised in the Government hospitals under European superintendence.

A fluid extract of the leaves has also been recommended in Europe as a lactagogue. Wann die Frucht recht zeitig ist, so kriegt sie Risse, daraus springen die Samen mit Gewalt.

Nachdem es an einem Orte steht, wird es auch hoch und starck: Sie purgieren alle Feuchtigkeiten wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis dem Leibe mit heftiger Gewalt. Es purgiret, wann man auch nur damit den Magen und den Unterleib bestreichet: Das Holtz und das Laub geben einen weissen Saft, wie Milch.

Es giebet allerhand Arten dieser indianischen Pinien. Man soll diejenigen erwehlen, welche frisch und gantz sind, schwer, von Farbe grau oder gelblicht, von unangenehmen, sehr scharffen Geschmack: Sie purgieren heftiglich von unten, und auch zuweilen von oben. Sie werden zur Click the following article gebraucht, zum Schlage und zur Schlafsucht.

Druce - Schraubenbohne - Mesquite: Druce - Schraubenbohne - Mesquite Roxburg: Druce - Schraubenbohne - Mesquite [Bildquelle. Somi, Wilford in Asiat. Mimosa farnesiana, a plant he never intended for Sami. This grows to the size of a tree.

It is a native of most parts of the coast source Coromandel, chiefly on low lands at a considerable distance from the sea ; it is wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis found in some parts of Hindoostan.

It flowers during the cold and beginning of the hot seasons. The pod of this tree is the only part used; it is about an inch in circumference, and from six to twelve long ; when ripe, brown and smooth, containing besides the seeds a large quantity of a brown mealy substance which the natives eat. Its taste is sweetish and agreeable ; it may therefore be compared to the Spanish Algaroba, or Locust tree Ceratonia siliqua. The timber is strong, hard, straight-grained, and easily worked.

The pods contain a great quantity of mealy sweetish substance, which the natives eat. It is common throughout Kopfhaut-Psoriasis Darsonval Madras Presidency. The timber is dark red, close- grained, hard, and durable, superior to teak in strength, and is much used for building and other purposes.

It is of very slow growth. With water it forms a rather dark coloured tasteless mucilage of about the same viscosity as gum arabic. The solution is precipitated by the normal acetate of lead and gelatinized by the basic acetate, also by ferric chloride, borax and alkaline silicates. This is a valuable gum, and appears to resemble, except in its behaviour to reagents, the Mezquite gum of Mexico and Texas, which is now coming into use in America.

Berauscher, Catunaregam spinosa Thunb. Vangueria spinosaR[oxb. Shrubby, armed with decussate spines. A small tree or large bush ; a native of Bengal and also of China, I presume, as there are some plants wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the Botanic garden brought thence.

Flowering time the beginning of the hot season ; fruit ripe in three or four months afterwards. The fruit is eaten by the natives. Its flowers come exceedingly near to those of my Canthium parviflorum, as does also the whole habit of the plant. It is a small tree or large bush, common in many parts of India, from Northern Bengal to Canara, which bears cymes of greenish flowers ; the fruit is a drupe, the size of a cherry, of a yellow colour when ripe, subglobose or turbinate, smooth source fleshy, pyrenes 4 to 5, woody, smooth.

Don - Himalaya-Zeder - Deodar: In Bengal, Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis longifolia ; but properly seems to be a pine or fir. Don - Himalaya-Zeder [Bildquelle: Devadaroo, or Devdar, is the name the tree is known by amongst the natives where it grows.

A tree of great size, a native of the mountains north of Rohilcund. It differs from P. Larix in many respects, but most conspicuously in being destitute of the bractes which project beyond the scales of the strobile or cone.

The tree is so exceedingly replete with resin, as to yield a very large proportion of tar. A manufactory of that article was lately begun, near the skirts of the Almora mountains by Mr.

Extract of a letter from that Gentleman, Mr. Gott, dated Kosupoor, 2nd Novemberdescribing the Devdar pine. It does not appear to delight in a wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis on the summit of mountains ; on the contrary it grows in valleys, and most abundantly in plains, on the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of large, or tops of small hills that are but little exposed.

Its height is described to exceed twenty feet, and its bulk in proportion, from four to five feet in diameter; it grows very straight, and as regularly tapering as a fishing learn more here, with branches down to the ground. Dr Gibson regards it as very effectual in this latter disease when given in large doses. It always acts as a diaphoretic, but is found very variable in its action,—in some cases a drachm causing vomiting; in others half an ounce inducing only slight nausea.

Dr Royle states that the leaves and twigs of the deodar are brought down to the plains, being much employed in native medicine. Another species is the P. It is known by the native names Cheersullah, Sarul, and Thansa. The natives of Upper India obtain from it both tar and turpentine. The former is said to be equal to that obtained by a more refined process in Europe, and the turpentine is stated merely to require attention to render it wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis to the imported article.

Dr Cleghorn has furnished some valuable remarks on the manufacture of tar from this tree as well as from P. He considers it fully equal to Swedish tar. Large forests of it exist on the Himalaya slopes, and especially in the Punjaub, along the banks of the Ravee, Beas, and other rivers.

In the Chenab forests, too, they are plentiful. The range within which the Deodar is found growing spontaneously extends from about to feet above the sea, though it rarely occurs so low as feet, and grows at a disadvantage at the highest elevation. Previous to the establishment of the Forest Conservancy, vast quantities of these valuable timber- wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis were recklessly destroyed, and it has been found desirable to form plantations for fresh plants, which, in the Punjaub especially, have been carried out on a large scale.

This diminution of the numbers formerly known to exist caused the Government to limit the number to be felled annually, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis rules for this object are now strictly observed. Prices for good Deodar in the Punjaub, increasing in the case of logs under 20 feet in length, averaged from about eight annas in to one rupee per cubic go here in For the greater lengths, from 20 to 30 feet, which are very scarce, the rate of eleven annas has now risen at Lahore to Ks.

He found one beautiful forest of pure Deodar, which seemed to spring up with great vigour wherever it had a chance, and thousands upon thousands of young seedlings coming up as thick as corn in a field. In the Kotee forest the Deodar growth was perfectly extraordinary. Two of the old stumps, which were of huge size, though imperfect, showed that the trees in the twenty-one years of their life had attained a diameter of timber of 12 and 13 inches respectively.

Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis another forest, in Lokan, there were counted in one spot, in about 4 acres, between and first-class trees of 6 feet girth, none of them under feet in height, while many must have approached feet The estimated contents of these nine forests of Joonsar Bawur were 34, first-class and 37, second-class Deodars. The above will - give some idea of the resources of these forests. These are exclusive of the P.

The trees must be numbered by hundreds of thousands, many of them of a huge size. The same exists on the left bank of the Tonse, but higher up the river the Cheel P. I believe, from inquiries, that if 15, or 20, logs can be got down to the river, there would wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis no difficulty in sawing up a lakh of sleepers per annum in these forests.

It may be interesting to mention here that the first conifer found in Southern India Podocarpus was discovered by Major Beddome in abundant on the Tinnevelly Hills.

It is chiefly Anfangsstadium zur von Psoriasis in combination with other medicines, as in the following diuretic mixture: To be given in ascites, Chakradatta.

The wood is also wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis to a paste with water and applied to the temples to relieve headache. A tar Kilan-ka-tel made by destructive distillation of the wood is a favourite remedy for skin diseases in Northern India; it is given internally in doses of about one drachm, and also applied locally.

From the Sanskrit name Devadaru of this wood, it must not be confounded with the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of Erythroxylon monogynum, known in Tamil as Devadarum, and which, on account of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis odour, is called "Bastard Sandal.

Haji Zein-el-Attar states that its juice is used in Harrun Afghanistan to tan leather he doubtless alludes to the tar which is used in the Punjab to dress the inflated skins used for crossing rivers. It has an agreeable terebinthinate odour. In the Vedas, a chief of the evil beings or spirits living in the shades: So he is regent of the north, and the keeper of gold and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, jewels and pearls, and all the treasures of the earth, besides nine particular Nidhis, or treasures, the nature of which is not well understood.

He is represented as a white man deformed in body, and having three legs and only eight teeth. His body is covered with ornaments. He receives no worship. The name Ku-vera, as also the variant Ku-tanu, signifies vile body, referring to his ugliness. A classical dictionary of Hindu mythology and religion, geography, history, and literature. Wight Icones IV, Tab. Patali the Sanscrit name. A middle sized tree, a native of Bengal, and of the southern parts of the Coromandel coast. Flowering time the Deutsch Hormoninjektionen für Psoriasis NPF season.

The tree is sacred to Durga, the Policy Salov. Psoriasis gastro-intestinal of Siva. Mootoosawmy wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis that in Tanjore the flowers are taken in the form of a confection as an aphrodisiac. The flowers pounded with honey are said to stop troublesome hiccough, and the ashes of the bark are used in preparing alkaline ley and caustic pastes. The bark is in use throughout India from its being one of the ingredients in the Dasamula or "ten barks.

In parts of India where this tree is not found, various substitutes are allowed to be used. In Malabar and in the Concan S. A fragrant seed so named. A native of Silhet and Chittagong. A shrub, from four to eight feet in length. Kurz - Damoklesbaum - Midnight Horror: Kurz - Damoklesbaum - Midnight Horror [Bildquelle: Shyonaka, and Mundooka-purna, two of its Sanscrit names. Is one of the tallest trees on the coast, grows up amongst the mountains chiefly. Flowering- time the beginning of the wet season.

Seed ripens in January and February. Trunk very straight, and very high, but thin in proportion. The seeds are numerous, membranaceous, surrounded with a large, delicate, membranaceous wing. The leaves are supra-decompound, and from four to six feet long. Sarangadhara recommends the juice of Syonaka expressed from the roasted bark in combination with Mocharas see Bomhax malabaricum as a remedy in diarrhoea and dysentery. He also says that the root-bark boiled in Sesamum oil is a good application in otorrhoea.

The bark is much used by the agricultural classes as an application to the sore-backs of draught cattle. It is ground to a paste with water and an equal proportion of turmeric, and rubbed on the part.

Evers states that the Gonds call the tree Jaimangal, and that they employ a decoction of the bark as a discutient application to rheumatic swellings. Twenty-eight cases of acute rheumatism were treated with this drug, and in all the results have been most satisfactory.

The dose of the powder is from 5 to 15 grains, thrice daily; click here the infusion 1 ounce of bark to 10 ounces of boiling water an ounce three times wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis day.

Combined with opium it forms a much more powerful sudorific than the compound powder of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. The drug does not possess any febrifuge properties. A pretty large tree, found cultivated in most parts of India, and also wild in forests. Flowers during the beginning of the hot season; fruit ripe in eight or nine months after. The wood of this tree is hard and durable particularly under water.

The bark is strongly astringent ; the natives employ it to cure diarrhoeas, and to tan leather. The fruit is at all times full of exceedingly sharp juice; it is eaten raw by the natives, although to an European, the taste is disagreeably acrid.

They are pickled, and made into preserve with sugar, and also baked in tarts; by these means they are more reconcilable to our taste. They are also used in diabetes. Infusion of the leaves is applied to sore eyes. Bark of the root mixed with honey is applied to aphthous inflammations of the mouth.

The bark of the tree itself is astringent, and is used for tanning purposes. It is medicinally used in diarrhea. The fruit is occasionally pickled, or preserved in sugar. When dry it is said to be gently laxative. In the latter state the decoction is employed in fevers, and mixed with sugar and drunk in vertigo. The young leaves mixed with sour milk are given by the natives in dysentery. In Travancore the natives put the young branches into the wells to impart a pleasant flavour to the water, especially if it be impure from the accumulation of vegetable matter or other causes.

Antiscorbutic virtues have been attributed to the fruits, which are known as the Emblic Myrobalans. The flowers are employed by the Hindoo doctors for their supposed refrigerant and aperient qualities.

The bark partakes of the astringency of the fruit. Boss prepared, by decoction and evaporation, from the root, an astringent extract equal to catechu both for medicine and the arts.

It is used both fresh and dried; in the former condition it is considered to be refrigerant, diuretic and laxative; in the latter, astringent. It is pickled by the natives, and, on account of a peculiar flavour which it imparts, some of the forest tribes eat it before drinking water. A sherbet of the fruit, sweetened, with sugar or honey, is a favourite cooling drink for sick people; it is said to be diuretic. A country-side prescription for biliousness in the Concan is Avala, 4 massas, to be soaked all night in water, and in the morning to be pounded and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis with a quarter seer of milk and flavoured with sugar and cumin.

Emblic myrobalans are an ingredient in many compound preparations described in Sanskrit works. This preparation is given in jaundice, anaemia and dyspepsia, in doses of from 20 to 40 grains.

Mahometan physicians esteem this myrobalan equally with the Hindus; they describe it as astringent, refrigerant, cardiacal, and a purifier of the humours of the body. It is much prescribed by them in fluxes, and is also applied externally on account of its cooling and astringent properties. The Arabic name is Amlaj, and the Persian Amala. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis states that the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, which have an odour resembling that of lemon peel, are supposed by the Vytians to have virtues of a cooling and aperient nature, and are prescribed in conjunction with other articles in the form of an electuary.

In the Pharmacopoeia of India it is stated, upon the authority of Dr. Ross, that the root by decoction and evaporation yields an astringent extract equal to catechu, both for medicinal purposes and in the arts; the chips of the wood or small branches thrown into impure or muddy water, according to the same authority, clear it effectually. In the Concan the juice of the fresh bark, with honey and turmeric, is given in gonorrhoea. The fruit is collected in many parts of India.

Die ersten heissen Myrobalani citrini, die gelben: Sie wachsen auf einem Baume, dessen Laub wie Weidenlaub aussiehet. Alle Mirobalanen purgiren linde und halten an, schier als wie die Rhabarber. It is a native of the mountainous parts of the Circars, growing to be one of the largest trees, with an erect trunk, and a very large spreading head. Flowering time the beginning of the hot season. The kernels of the fruit are eaten by the natives ; they taste like filberts, but are reckoned intoxicating, when eaten in any quantity.

Hereabouts they do not use any part of the fruit in medicine, so far as I can learn. From wounds in the bark, large quantities of an insipid gum issues, it much resembles Gum arabic, is perfectly soluble in water, burns away in the flame of a candle, with little smell, into black gritty ashes. The flowers have a strong offensive click at this page, not unlike those of Sterculia foetida.

The kernel of the nut is said to intoxicate if eaten in any great quantity. Mixed with honey it is used in ophthalmia. The fruit in its dried state is larger than a gall-nut, but not so regular in shape. It is astringent in taste, and is tonic and attenuant. It is also used in dropsy, diarrhoea, piles, and leprosy, as well as for coughs.

In large doses it becomes a narcotic poison. The produce of a single tree will sometimes sell for rupees. The fruit ripens about October, and consists of a nut enclosed in a thin exterior rind. It is used as an aperient, and also forms a dingy yellow dye.

The fruit is exported by traders from the plains, who generally contract for each tree according to the produce it bears.

A single nut sometimes sells for a rupee. These fruits are procurable at a nominal cost throughout India; and when other aperients are not available, may safely be resorted to. Their astringency renders wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis valuable in the arts, as well as a substitute for galls for lotions, injections, and so on. Twining Diseases of Bengal gives a case of enlargement of the spleen where this medicine was wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis with the best effects.

Two varieties of T. The pulp of the fruit Beleric myrobalan is considered by Hindu physicians to be astringent and laxative, and is wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis with salt and long pepper in affections of the throat and chest. As a constituent of the triphala three fruitsi. On account of its medicinal properties the tree bears the Sanskrit synonym of Anila-ghnaka, or "wind-killing".

According to the Nighantas the kernels are narcotic. Mahometan writers describe Balilaj the beleric myrobalan as astringent, tonic, digestive, attenuant, and aperient, and useful as an astringent application to the eyes. As long as the doctrines of the Arabian school prevailed, myrobalans were used medicinally in Europe, havin being introduced by the Arabs from India. According to Theophrastus, the outer cortical portion was pounded to extract the oil, as that part only was sweet smelling.

It is uncertain what this fruit was, but it appears to have been something similar to that of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensisthe outer fleshy coating of which yields an oil of the consistence of butter, having a rather pleasant violet-like odour when fresh.

Both chebulic and beleric myrobalans are largely exported for tanning and dyeing. The exports from the Alter Psoriasis verursacht of India were.

Terminalia citrina [ Gaertn. Zengi, or Zunguhar, the black or Indian myrabolans, and for the Asiatic synonyms of the other varieties, see Bluttest Psoriasis. Flowering time in Bengal, the hot season.

The seed ripens in November and December. The tender leaves, while scarce unfolded, are said to be wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis by an insect, and its eggs deposited therein, which by the extravasation of the sap, become enlarged into hollow galls of various shapes and sizes, but rarely exceeding an inch in diameter. They wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis powerfully astringent, and make as good ink as oak galls.

They also yield the chintz painters on the Coast of Coromandel, their best and most durable yellow. They are called by the Tamuls Kadu kai, and by the Telingas Aldicai, and are very like the Faba Bengalensis of our Materia Medica.

The unripe dried fruits, which are the Indian or black myrobolan Kooroovillah-kadukai, Tam. They are very efficacious remedies in infantile diarrhoea, the dose for a child under a year old being one grain every three hours. It has been administered in many instances with the greatest benefit.

The price and supposed efficacy of the fruit increase with the size; one wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis six tolahs would cost about 20 rupees. It acts internally as aperient, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis as an astringent applicati6n to ulcers and wie zu Hause Salbe für Psoriasis machen diseases. The galls are found on the leaves, and are produced by insects puncturing the tender leaves.

With them and alum the best and most durable yellow is dyed, and in conjunction with ferruginous mud, black is procured from them. The fruit is very astringent, and on that account much used by the Hindoos in their arts and manufactures.

The timber is good, of a yellowish-brown colour. It is used for agricultural purposes and for building. It attains its full size in thirty years. Dutt Hindu Materia Medica informs us that Chebulic myrobalans, in Sanskrit: Haritaki, Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and Pathya, were highly extolled by the ancient Hindus as a powerful alterative and tonic.

A mythological origin has also been attributed to the tree. Indian writers describe seven varieties of Haritaki, which however are nothing more than the same fruit in different stages of maturity. Very large fruit are considered particularly valuable, and fetch a fancy price. Chebulic myrobalans are considered to be laxative, stomachic, tonic, and alterative.

They are prescribed alone or in combination with Emblic and Beleric myrobalans in a vast number of diseases, chiefly those affecting the chest and abdomen. The three wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis together are called triphala or the three-fruits in Sanskrit. Myrobalans were known to the early Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis writers, and through them to the Greek writer Actuarius, who mentions five kinds. Nicolas Myrepsicus also notices them.

Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis author of the Makhzan-el-Adwiya, on the subject of chebulic myrobalans, says that the very young fruit, about the size of cumin seeds, are called Halileh-i-zira ; when about the size of a grain of barley, Halileh-i-jawi; when of the size of a raisin, Halileh-i-zangi or Halileh-i-hindi ; when half arrived at maturity and yellowish, Halileh-i-chini ; when still further advanced, Halileh-i-asfar; and lastly, when quite mature, Halileh-i-kabuli.

Of these six varieties of chebulic myrobalans, the second, third, and last only are in general use for medicinal purposes, the fourth and fifth, also known as Rangsri har or hirade, are chiefly used by tanners.

The Arabs say,—"Halileh is in the stomach like an intelligent housewife, who is a good manager of the house. Locally it is applied as an astringent. The first and second kind are supposed to have the same properties as the third in a less degree, and the forth and fifth the same as the sixth in a less degree.

The best way of administering myrobalans as a purgative is to make an infusion or decoction of from 2 to 4 drachms of fruit pulp with the addition of a pinch of caraway seeds and a little honey or sugar. Ainslie notices their use as an application to aphthae. In the Pharmacopoeia of India, Dr. Waring mentions his having found six of the mature fruit an efficient and safe purgative, producing four or five copious stools, unattended by griping, nausea or other ill effects ; probably those used by him were not of the largest kind.

Hove in his account of a visit to the Myrobalan Plantation at Bungar in the Concan instates that he found one fruit a sufficient purgative, though the manager of the plantation told him that two were generally used. Twining Diseases of Bengal, Vol. We have found them mit Jod bei Psoriasis useful medicine in diarrhoea and dysentery, given in doses of a drachm twice a day.

Apery has brought to the notice of the profession in Europe the value of these black myrobalans in dysentery, choleraic diarrhoea, and chronic diarrhoea; he administers them in pills of 25 centigrams each, the dose being from 4 to 12 pills or even more in the 24 hours.

Roxburgh states that the tender leaves, while scarce unfolded, are said to be punctured by an an insect, and its eggs deposited therein, which by the extravasation of the sap, become enlarged into hollow galls of various shapes and sizes, but rarely exceeding an inch in diameter. They also yield the chintz painters on the coast of Coromandel their best and most durable yellow.

They are called by the Tamils Kadu-cai-pu, and by the Telingas Aldicai, Fl. In the Pharmacopceia of India they are noticed on the authority of the Rev. Kearns of Tinnevelly as a valuable astringent in diarrhoea. The Himalayan tribes eat the kernels of this myrobalan, and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the fruit as a remedy for sore throat under the name of Khoki.

A very large, and tall timber tree, a native of the various extensive forests on the eastern frontier of Bengal where it is called Hurituki ; it blossoms there in April and May, and the seed ripens in November. The fruit of this, like that of T. Trunk straight, and of very great size. Branches spreading, but not much crowded.

Bark rather scabrous that of the young shoots strongly marked with light coloured, elevated specks ; wood much like mahogany, but finer grained ; a beautiful specimen sent to me by Mr. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis of Silhet, was accompanied with the following words: This wood is very hard, no insect will touch it.

A tree which yields a resin. Illustrations of the botany and other branches of the natural history of the Himalayan Mountains: The latter, under the name of Ganda-biroja, or, more correctly, Gandahbirozah, is found in all the Indian bazaars, and appears to have all the properties of ordinary turpentine, though differing from it in odour.

It is chiefly used as a pectoral plaster like the pitch plaster of Europe, but it has also a reputation in veterinary practice as wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis remedy for mange. The Vaids obtain from it by distillation without water a limpid sherry-coloured oil having the peculiar odour of the drug, which they call Khanno oil in the Deccan; it is in much repute as a remedy for gleet or long-standing gonorrhoea.

Atkinson, who describes its collection in Gurhwal and Kumaon, says that it is there called Birja and Lisha or Lassa and that there are two kinds collected, viz. The yield of a tree thus treated is said to be from 10 to 20 lbs. Pterospermum acerifolium [ L. Bis 20 m hoher Baum. I cannot say where the tree is indigenous; in Bengal, it is found in the gardens only, and is yet but twenty-five or thirty feet high ; but seems to be naturally a very large tree.

Flowering time, the beginning of the hot season. The flowers, like those of Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. Artocarpus lokutsha lucuchaR[oxb]. Found in the gardens in the vicinity of Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and is common all over Bengal. It is so far as 1 have seen, a tree of a wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis size, with a short but thick trunk, and a very large spreading head.

The natives eat the fruit ; to an European the taste will generally be found disagreeable. The male spadix is acid, and astringent ; the natives eat them in their curries. The roots dye yellow. The whole tree and unripe fruit, like A.

It is much cultivated throughout Southern India, and all the warmer parts of Asia ; where it is wild or originally from, I know not. On the coast wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Coromandel, it does not in general attain to any great height, from thirty to forty feet may be reckoned a high tree, but with a very large, ramous, dense, shady head, particularly when it stands detached from other trees, and a short thick trunk, about twelve feet wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis ; flowering time the cold season, fruit ripe in four or five months afterwards.

For a more particular account of the fruit, see Gaertner on Seeds, vol. The fruit of this tree is so universally known, that it is unnecessary for me to say any wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis respecting its excellence, as well as that the seeds, when roasted, are not inferior to the best chestnuts. The wood click the following article near to mahogany in appearance, and is much used for wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis furniture, in Ceylon and some other.

The Indians of those parts prepare their best bird-lime from the tenacious white juice, which abounds wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis all the uneatable parts of the fruit, and in the young tender parts of the tree. It flows freely from recent wounds. At first it is somewhat pale, but afterwards assumes a darker tinge approaching to mahogany, and wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis polished becomes one of the best fancy woods for tables, chairs, and frames.

The root of the older trees is dark-coloured, and admirably adapted for picture-frames and carving-work of all kinds. Like others of the same family, the tree abounds wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis viscid, milky juice.

The fruit, which grows to an enormous wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, and hangs by a peduncle springing from the trunk, is a favourite article of food among the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. There are several varieties, but what is called the honey- jack is by far the sweetest and best. The seeds when roasted are also much prized as a diet among the poorer classes. The leaves are given to goats and other cattle, and are said to be very fattening.

In Travancore the Jack-tree is a monopoly, and yields an annual tax to the Click. The wood yields http://festival-celle.de/rosa-psoriasis-gilbert.php abundant yellow dye, the sawdust being generally boiled for this purpose.

The kernels contain a quantity of oil. The tree, if planted in stony soil, grows short and thick; if in sandy ground, tall and spreading ; and if the roots happen to come in contact with water, the tree will not bear fruit. Bird-lime is manufactured from the juice.

The word Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis is a corruption from the Sanscrit word " Tchackka," which means the fruit of the tree. The situation of the fruit varies with the age of the tree, being first borne on the branches, then on the trunk, and in very old trees on the roots. In Travancore the mode of propagation is as follows: The natives put the whole fruit in the ground, and when the seeds germinate and grow up they tie the stems together with straw, and by degrees they form one stem, which will bear fruit in six or seven years.

The other species worthy of mention are the A. Chaplasha, a native of Chittagong and the forests east of Bengal. It grows to be an immense tree, and canoes for river use are made from the trunk. The timber is also useful for other purposes, especially Ich Schuppenflechte seeking required for anything under water.

The roots are used for dyeing yellow. The male spadix is acid and astringent, and is eaten by the natives in their curries. Echinata is a large tree, growing on the Neilgherries, and yielding a good timber, but hitherto little known.

The deposit from the milky juice is insoluble in water, partly please click for source in alcohol, and entirely so in benzol.

It is a variety of caoutchoue, and in the natural state can be used as link birdlime, or as a cement for broken articles; after being washed in boiling water it becomes harder, and may be used for all the ordinary purposes of India-rubber.

The yellow dye which is obtained from the wood is of a resinous nature, and may be extracted by boiling water or alcohol.

This species is wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis in most parts of India ; it grows to be a large handsome tree, in appearance it is more like a regular, well-shaped, middle-sized Oak, than any other wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis I have ever met with. It flowers about the beginning of the wet season. Its long pendulous racemes, of scarlet-coloured flowers give it at that time a most elegant appearance. Bark dark-coloured, scabrous, tough and thick. The seeds wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis very warm and dry, and are used as an aromatic in colic and parturition.

It is suited for ordinary work. This is an evergreen tree of moderate size, called by Sanskrit writers Hijja or Hijjala. When children suffer from a cold in the chest, the seed is rubbed down on a stone with water and applied over the sternum, and if there is much dyspnoea a few grains Behandlung von Psoriasis Tank or without the juice of fresh ginger are administered internally and seldom fail to induce vomiting and the expulsion of mucus from the air wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. To reduce the enlarged abdomen of children it is given in doses of from 2 to 3 grains in milk.

Rumphius states that the roots are used wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis kill fish, and this use of the bark is known in most parts of India.

The fish are said to be not unwholesome. Barringtonia racemosa has similar properties, the bark, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis and seed being bitter. Ainslie states that in Java and in Ternate the seeds are used for intoxicating fish. The powdered seeds of these plants induce sneezing. A small tree, a native of the banks of rivulets, and other places, where the soil is moist and rich, common about Calcutta.

This species is productive of much tenacious milky juice on being wounded. The fruit is not often eaten, nor is the tree used for any purpose that I know of. The best form of administration appears to be the seed of the ripe fruit, dried and preserved from moisture in stoppered bottles.

The bark is also a good anti-periodic and tonic. It is the Kat-gular of Hindustan, the Kako-dumar of Bengal, the Bokhera or Dhed-umbar of Bombay, and the Pe-attis of Madras. Sheriff on account of its emetic properties.

The shrub has opposite, cuneate, oblong leaves, which are scabrous above and downy beneath. The fruit is like a small fig and very downy; it usually grows from the stem near or beneath the ground; an interesting description of it by Dr. King forms one of the series of Scientific Mewmoirs by Medical Officers of the Army of India, published at the Government Printing Press, Calcutta.

In Bombay and the Concan the powdered fruit heated with a little water is made into a lep, or poultice, which is applied to buboes, which it either disperses or brings rapidly to maturity. The fruit is also given to milch-cattle to dry up their milk. The emetic properties wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the plant are due to the presence of saponin. Nimba, Melia azedarach L. Nimba azadaracta or Melia azadirachta.

A middling sized, very common, beautiful, and very useful tree. It differs flora all the other species known to me in having a one-celled, one-seeded nut, though the germ has uniformly five-cells, with one or two ovula in each. Common Bead-tree or Persian Liliac. This, however, is doubtful The root, which is nauseous and bitter, is used in North America as an anthelmintic.

A valuable oil is procured from them. Melia azederach has been considered poisonous from the time of Avicenna; but it is only in larger doses that its fruit can be considered as such. Loureiro recognises the utility of azedarach in worm cases, and Blume states that both it and M. A decoction of the leaves is said to be astringent and stomachic, and also to be injurious to insects, and employed with success against porrigo.

The wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis has been naturalised in the south of Europe. The bark is considered to be bitter, tonic, and astringent. Chakradatta recommends a poultice of the leaves mixed with Sesamum seeds for unhealthy ulcerations. The fruit is described as purgative, emollient, and anthelmintic. The oil of the seeds is applied to suppurating scrofulous glands, is given in leprosy, rheumatism, and a variety of wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. It is vermifuge, and is a remedy for mange in dogs.

It Kräuter-Behandlungen für been used in the manufacture of soap. As the oil contains a marked amount of sulphur, neem oil soap might possibly be useful in cutaneous affections in which a mild sulphuretted application is indicated. The beneficial effects of the oil when rubbed into the skin in rheumatism is doubtless due to the presence of organically combined sulphur. The gum is said to have stimulant properties.

The young trees tapped yield a saccharine juice, which when fermented is used as a stomachic; several observers have noticed that in certain years this juice appears to flow with unusual abundance. The dried flowers are used as a tonic after fever, and under the name of Pancha-nimba, a medicine is prepared which contains the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis, fruit, leaves, bark, and root of the tree, of each 15 parts, and one part each of a number of other drugs.

The nimba is also one of the Pancha-tikta or five bitters. The air waved with a Neem branch is supposed to be a cure for syphilis. The insane are passed through a cleft of the tree, or a stem which having parted and re-united forms check this out circular opening.

This is covered with flowers and sprinkled with sandalwood water. It is kept in a small temporary shed for three days, during which time the people feast and drink, sacrificing lambs and fowls to Marima, wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis daughter of Siva; at the end of the three days they the pot into the water.

Amongst certain castes the leaves of the Neem are placed in the mouth on their return from funerals as an emblem of grief. Five to eight leaves are eaten by all Hindus on the first day of the New Year, and are supposed to ensure freedom from disease; when amrita ambrosia was being conveyed to heaven wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis the lower world for the use of the gods, it is believed that a few drops if it fell on this tree.

For an account of the mythology of amrita, see De Gubernatis, Myth. This useful tree naturally attracted the attention of the Mahometans upon their arrival in the country, and they named it Azaddarakht-i-Hindi, from its resemblance to the Melia Azadarach or Persian Lilac.

The author of the Makhzan-el-Adwiya is careful to point out that the Indian Neem is not found in Persia. He describes the Neem and Azaddarakht separately, giving Bakayan as the Indian name for the latter. The Mahometans use the different products of the Neem in the same manner as the Hindus, and like them consider it to be cold and dry.

Amongst European physicians, Wight says, "The leaves beaten to a pulp, and externally applied, act like a charm in removing the most intractable forms of psora and other pustular eruptions. White, of Bombay, has recommended the bark as a febrifuge; others wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis spoken favourably of the leaves as a local application t oulcers and certain obstinate skin diseases.

Hove thus speaks of the Neem tree: The leaves are of a powerful bitter, and they use a strong decoction with great success in intermittents, and which I usually drank for my liver complaint and found myself much relieved wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis it. From recent experience detailed in the Pharmacopoeia wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis India, it would appear that the opinion of the natives of India regarding the medicinal properties of the different parts of this tree is substantially correct.

The bark is now official in the abovementioned Pharamacopoeia. The Hindus do not appear to have paid much attention to it, but it has been described by Ibn Sina in his second book under the name of Azaddarakht, and has long been used by the Arabs and Persians, who consider it to be hot and dry, and to have deobstruent, resolvent, and alexipharmic properties. The flowers and leaves are applied as a poultice to relieve nervous headache. The juice of the leaves administered internally is said to be anthelmintic, antilithic, diuretic, and emmenagogue, and is thought to resolve cold swellings, and expel the humours which give rise to them.

The bark and leaves are used internally and externally in leprosy and scrofula. A poultice of the flowers is said to kill lice and cure eruptions of the scalp. The fruit has poisonous properties, but nevertheless is prescribed in leprosy and scrofula, and is worn as a necklace to avert contagious diseases.

In China it is used as a vermifuge. Loureiro states that the Chinese boil the berries in wine and then make a decoction of them, here has no injurious wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. The leaves and bark they use in itch wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis other skin diseases.

The root-bark of M. It has a bitter, nauseous taste, and yields its virtues to boiling water. It is administered in the form of decoction 4 ozs. Some make these terms synonymous with the preceeding. A native of Bengal, and of the adjoining provinces to the northward, Flowering time the beginning of the wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis season; the seed ripens about the close of the year.

This tree yields the Bengal ship-builders their crooked timbers and knees. It is tolerably light, remarkably strong, but unfortunately not so durable as could be wished. It answers well for various other economical purposes ; the colour, a light greyish brown, with darker coloured veins.

Upon the whole I scarcely know any other tree that deserves more attention. It is good for ordinary economical purposes. It is much used in Bengal for knees and crooked timber in ship-building, as well as for gun-carriages and mail-carts. Its great durability combines to render it one of the most valuable timbers known.

There are few trees which so much deserve attention, considering its rapid growth, beauty, and usefulness. It grows rapidly, is propagated and reared with facility, and early attains a good working condition of timber. Plantations have been recommended along the channels of the northern Annicuts. It attains its full size in fifty years. It is said to be proof against the attacks of white ants.

The timber is very good for gun-carriages, and in some parts is largely used in dockyards. Also for saddles, boxes, and all furniture.

Heimat Behandlung der Psoriasis effektivste von in Schuppenflechte ist eine Autoimmunkrankheitdie nicht nur die Haut betreffen kann.

In diesem Fall sollte man neben dem Hautarzt noch einen Rheumatologen aufsuchen. Eine schuppende Hautkrankheit, bei der es sich wahrscheinlich um Psoriasis handelte, wurde bereits vom griechischen Arzt Hippokrates ca. Der Begriff Psoriasis wurde zum ersten Mal vom Arzt Galen verwendet, der damit wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Schuppenbildung im Augen- und Hodenbereich umschrieb.

Bei dieser handelte es sich jedoch dem heutigen Forschungsstand nach vermutlich um Ekzeme. Auch hat das Auftreten von Psoriasis nachweislich nichts mit mangelnder Hygiene zu tun. Als Autoimmunerkrankung sind in Falle der Psoriasis die T-Lymphozyten verantwortlich. Diese sind nicht ausreichend in der Lage, Hautzellen exakt von Antigenen zu differenzieren. Die Folge ist i-Typ-Psoriasis unsinniger Angriff auf die Hautzellen der Epidermis.

Psoriasis auf dem Foto Papst, ACE-Hemmer und Lithium-Salze. Diese Theorie wurde im Dezember vom Krebsforscher John DiGiovanni am M. Eine Reihe von Psoriasis-Patienten haben durch ihre Krankheit keine Schmerzen oder sonstige Symptome. Die Haut eines gesunden Menschen erneuert sich innerhalb source 26 bis 27 Tagen.

Bei der Schuppenflechte erneuert sich die Haut Psoriasis Fußnägel Foto einigen Stellen innerhalb von nur 6 bis 7 Tagen.

Dies ist die unterste Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis der Oberhaut, die Grenze zur Bindegewebsschicht. Die Oberhaut Epidermis regeneriert sich nicht wie bei Gesunden etwa alle 30 Tage, sondern ist bereits nach drei Tagen erneuert. Durch die enorme Teilungsrate here es zur Schuppenbildung.

Nicht selten kommt es bei Psoriasis zu Superinfektionen mit einem Hefepilz oder anderen Bakterien, was die Erkrankung verschlimmert. Lebensjahr zum ersten Mal auf. Seit langer Zeit werden chronische Hautkrankheiten schon mit Steinkohlenteer behandelt.

Er hemmt die Zellteilung und lindert den Juckreiz. Seit einiger Zeit wird in der Werbung die Salbe Ebenol angepriesen. Die gesetzliche Krankenversicherung zahlt diese Art der Behandlung jedoch nur noch in Kliniken, nicht mehr beim niedergelassenen Arzt. Auch beim Psoriatiker ist Sonnenbrand absolut tabu, also Vorsicht beim Sonnenbaden und auf ausreichend Lichschutzfaktor achten!

Wobei im Sommer eher feuchigkeitsspendende Produkte zum Einsatz kommen. Es sind heute synthetische Zusatzstoffe. Es sind heute moderne Read article im Handel, durch die sich die oben beschriebenen Nebenwirkungen deutlich reduzieren lassen.

Kortisone - sind synthetische Wirkstoffe, die dem menschlichen Hormon der Nebennierenrinde nachempfunden sind. Vitamin-D-Derivate sind synthetische Stoffe, die einem Hormon nachempfunden wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis. Das verwendete Calcipotriol ist ein solches Derivat, welches die Risiken des Hormons Vitamin D um ein Vielfaches reduziert. Wirkstoffe der Mahoniarinde, lat.

Diese Therapie wird oft kombiniert mit topischen Behandlungen, zur weiteren Steigerung der Wirksamkeit. Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Ultraviolett-Phototherapie SUP wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Ist eine Kombination von UVA und UVB.

Balneophototherapie - wohl eher unter Sole-Photo-Therapie bekannt. Diese Methode soll die Bedingungen am Toten Meer nachsimullieren. Lasertherapie - mit hochenergetischem Licht Nanometer Excimerlaser werden die Stellen behandelt. Diese wirken ebenfalls auf die Hautzellen ein.

Diese Stoffe bilden heute einen Forschungsschwerpunkt, weil die Ergebnisse der Erforschung der Psoriasis auf eine Autoimmunkrankheit hinweist.

Diarrhoen, kolikartige Bauchschmerzen und Hitzewallungen. Biologicals - Infliximab, Etanercept, Efalizumab u. Unter der Therapie sind engmaschige Laborkontrollen unabdingbar. Insbesondere Etanercept zeigt kurz- mittel- und langfristig gute Behandlungserfolge hinsichtlich der geringen Nebenwirkungen.

Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Links DBfK Wie unter Essentiale bei Psoriasis Herunterladen Wir bei Chinesische Creme. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am

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